BEEN SIX YEARS!
ago this month a group of Federal Transit Administration staff
members sat down at a lunch table at a hotel in northern Virginia
with a number of chiefs of police, most from transit systems,
and this newsletter was born. We hope what you have received
information of use and that we will be able to continue sending
it to you for years to come.
MANAGEMENT AFTER A DELIBERATE RELEASE OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL
document contains recommended immediate actions for policemen,
firefighters, and emergency medical technicians who may be faced
with a nuclear terrorist act.
Situation: A conventional explosion has scattered
radioac-tive material, saboteurs blew up a truck carrying radioactive
material, or an aerosol containing radioactive material has
been spread over a large area. There may be some injured people
and, in the latter situation, there may be hundreds of contami-nated
or exposed people.
Yourself: Approach the release site with caution.
Position personnel, vehicles, and command post at a safe distance,
upwind and uphill of the site if possible. Ensure your own physical
safety. Look for fires, exposed high voltage wires, sharp or
falling objects, tripping hazards, or hazardous chemicals. Be
alert for changing conditions. Wear a mask to reduce the dose
from inhalation of radioactive dust. Ideally, the mask should
be a full face mask with a HEPA filter, but even through a wet
handkerchief of cloth will help. There will be little danger
from radioactive gases, so a self contained breathing mask,
while effective, is not necessary unless there are other gasses
or toxins present.
will collect on your clothes. Remove and discard it after you
leave the area. Bag the clothing for later disposal. If you
fail to remove it, you will continue to receive radiation and
expose others. Wear loose fitting clothes covering as much of
your body as possible. Any removable garment that will prevent
the dust from coming into direct content with your skin will
suffice. Open wounds or abrasions must be protected from radioactive
contamination. If running water or showers are available, full
body rinsing with lukewarm water is advised. Even a fire hose
may remove most contamination not already removed with the outer
not eat, drink, or smoke while exposed to potentially radioactive
dust or smoke. Drinking water may be necessary for people working
in high temperatures wearing bulky protective clothing. If absolutely
necessary to drink water, drink from a canteen or other closed
container. Beware of heat strain. If radiation measuring instruments
are available, place them in plastic bags to prevent their contamination
and use them to map the areas leading up to the highest dose
rates. Do not enter the areas of highest dose rate except to
save lives, and then make the entry as brief as possible.
of Justice (NIJ) Standard 0101.04 requirements. For information,
or call 800, 421-6770.
the Injured and Exposed: Seriously injured people
should be removed from the source radiation source, stabilized,
and sent to hospitals first. After treatment of serious physical
injuries, preventing the spread of the radioactive material
or unnecessary exposure of other people is paramount. Carry
out the following immediate response actions without waiting
for radiation measurements. Establish an exclusion zone around
the source and mark the area with ropes or tapes. Reroute traffic.
Limit entry to rescue personnel only. Detain uninjured people
who were near the event or who are inside the control zone until
they can be checked for radioactive contamination, but do not
delay treatment of the injured or transport to a hospital for
this purpose. Take action to limit or stop the release of more
radioactive material if possible, but delay cleanup attempts
until radiation protection technicians are on the scene. Tell
nearby hospitals to expect the arrival of radioactively contaminated
and injured persons.
near the scene should be checked for radiation contamination.
As soon radiation measuring equipment can be obtained, establish
a decontamination area for this purpose. Decontaminate people
whose injuries are not life-threatening (bro-ken arms, etc.)
before sending them to hospitals. Do not send people without
physical injuries to hospitals. Record keeping is as important
for the long-term health of the victims as it is for the emergency
responders. Use the form attached to this newsletter to record
contact information for all exposed people so they can be given
medical examinations later. The Department of Health and Human
Services will request this information later.
More Help: In the event of a radiation emergency,
you should notify your state Radiation Control Program Director.
Telephone numbers for each state may be found at www.crcpd.org/Map/map.asp.
Notify the CDC Emergency Preparedness Branch at their 24-hour
telephone number: 770, 488-7100.
Information: The North American Emergency Response
Guidebook (Publication A70-010) and its Pocket Edition (A70-010P)
contain supplemental information on dealing with radioactive
material. These books may be ordered from UNZ and Co., 700 Central
Avenue, New Providence, NJ 07974, Phone: 800, 631-3098.
TERROR-PROFITS FROM COUNTER-FEIT GOODS PAY FOR ATTACKS
Anti-terrorist organizations in the U.S. and abroad are homing
in on close connections between transnational crime and terror-ism.
Before law enforcement defined both as strategic threats, but
tended to approach each problem separately, constructing